Latihan Soal Reading Ujian Nasional: Teks Essai Pendek





Short Essay Texts (Teks Essai Pendek): descriptive text, procedure text, recount text, report text.

A. Descriptive Text
Fungsi Sosial: digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan orang, tempat, atau benda tertentu.
Deskripsi Tempat
The following text is for questions 1 to 2.
Mecca is Islam’s holiest city, home to the Kaaba Shrine and the Grand Mosque. The city is known for the annual Hajj pilgrimage, being one of the five pillars of Islam. In the 7th century, the Islamic Prophet, Muhammad, proclaimed Islam in the city. The city played an important role in the early history of Islam and now it is an important trading center. After 966, Mecca was led by local Sharifs, until 1924,  when it came under the rule of the Saudis. In its modern period, Mecca has seen a great expansion in size infrastructure.
The modern day city is located in the capital of Saudi Arabia’s Makkah Province, in the historic Hejaz region. With a population of 1, 700, 000 (2008), the city is located 73 kilometers (45 miles) inland from Jeddah, in a narrow valley and 277 meters (910 feet) above sea level.
  1. What is the text about?
A.       Saudi Arabia.
B.        The size of the city.
C.        The city om Mecca.
D.       The location of the city.
  1. Why is Mecca important?
A.       It has more than 2 million inhabitants.
B.        It has a modern infrastructure.
C.        It is a world trade center.
D.       It is a holy city.

The following text is for questions 3 to 7.
Karimunjawa is an archipelago of 27 islands in the Java Sea, streching approximately 83 kilometers northwest of Jepara, Central Java. It consists of small islands, mostly uninhabited, with the main ones being Karimunjawa, Kemujan, Menjangan Besar and Menjangan Kecil islands.
The name of Karimunjawa was derived from the Javanese language “kremun kremun saking tanah jawi” as addressed by one from Wali Songo. The name describes how far these islands from Java, to be exact from Semarang and Jepara.
Designated as a national marine park, Karimunjawa is home to mangrove, coastal forests and a great variety of marine animals such as crabs, anchovy, starfish, sharks, stingray, jellyfish, red snappers, etc. It is also a popular tourist destination, with its white sandy beaches, pristine coral reefs and challenging treks through the hills. The reefs are a mixture of fringing and barrier and patched with bottom depths ranging from 15 to 40 meters.
The islands offer stunning diving and snorkeling trips. Fringing reefs, attols, wrecks and an excellent variety of species make diving in Karimunjawa an unforgettable adventure.
  1. What is the paragraph two about?
A.  The main islands in Karimunjawa.
B.   The origin of the Karimunjawa name.
C.   The roles of Wali Songo in Java.
D.  The biodiversity in Karimunjawa.
E.   The national marine park.
  1. From the text, it can be concluded that ...
A.  tourists can dive and snorkel in Karimunjawa
B.   there are ten inhabited islands in Karimunjawa
C.   Karimunajawa comprises with more than 30 islands
D.  Karimunjawa is 83 kilometers northeast of Jepara
E.   Karimunjawa is popular for its pink beaches and atolls
  1. What kinds of vegetation are there in Karimunjawa?
A.  Swamp land and mangrove forests.
B.   Savannah and tropical rain forests.
C.   Mangrove and coastal forests.
D.  Ironwood and rain forests.
E.   Scrub and grassland.
  1. “Designated as a national marine park, ... “ (Paragraph 3).
What does ‘to designate’ mean?
A.  To innagurate.
B.   To preserve.
C.   To appoint.
D.  To campaign.
E.   To develop.
  1. According to the text, we can find the following marine animals in Karimunjawa, except ...
A.  Starfish
B.   Goldfish
C.   Stingray
D.  Snappers
E.   Jellysish
The following text is for questions 8 to 10.
Bukit Duabelas National Park in Jambi is a relatively small park, compared to Indonesia’s large national parks. Covering only 60,500 hectares, the park was established in 2000, mainly to allow the regrowth of secondary forests and to protect the home of the forest people ‘Suku Anak Dalam’ or ‘Orang Rimba’.
The northern part of the park is primarily jungle, but the remainder is a tract of deforested land that was formerly a production forest, but allowed to revert as a trophical rainforest. The park is in fact the most important water catchment area in the province.
Bukit Duabelas, or Twelve Hills, is a lowland park with undulating contours. This is the habitat of Sumatra’s endangered species, such as tapirs, gibbons, clouded leopards, sun bears, wild cats and crested serpent eagles, including endangered plant species.
Orang Rimba are an isolated tribe who have lived in these jungles for years and have maintaned their simple, nut natural lifestyle. There are several theories and legends as to who they are and where they originate from.  One story relates that when the Sultan of Palembang had feuds with the Sultan of Jambi, the Sultan of Jambi asked for help from the Sultan of Pagaruyung who in turn sent soldiers to Jambi. On their way in the dense jungles, never came back out, but instead settled in the Jambi jungles and adopted the natural lifestyle.
Anak Dalam tribe live in and around the forest, and survive chiefly on hunting, gathering, agriculture and fishing.
  1. What is the purpose of the text?
A.  To amuse the readers.
B.   To relate the writer’s experience.
C.   To describe what Jambi Province is like.
D.  To describe Bukit Duabelas National Park.
E.   To tell readers on how to reach Bukit Duabelas National Park.
  1. What endangered animals are protected in the park?
A.  Tapirs, gibbons and one-horned rhinoceroses.
B.   Clouded leopards, sun bears and orangutans.
C.   Crested serpent eagles, tapirs and crocodiles.
D.  Clouded leopards, gibbons and wild boars.
E.   Tapirs, gibbons and clouded leopards.
  1. Which statement is not true?
A.  Bukit Duabelas National Park in Jambi is only 60, 500 hectares.
B.   Suku Anak Dalam or Orang Rimba live in Bukit Duabelas National Park.
C.   Orang Rimba have lived in these jungles for years.
D.  The park is in fact the most important water catchment area for Jambi.
E.   Anak Dalam tribe survives chiefly on hunting, gathering, agriculture and fishing.
  1. “...lost their way in the dense jungles, never came back out ...” (Paragraph 4)
What is the synonym of ‘dense’?
A.  Orderly
B.   Sluggish
C.   Thick
D.  Fertile
E.   Barren
The following text is for questions 12 to 14.
Gamalama, which is often called the peak of Ternate, is a strato-volcano in Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia. It is one of Indonesia’ active volcanoes. Standing about 1,715 meters tall, Mount Gamalam has spewed lava more than 70 times since 1538 A. D.
Although it may pose a danger to the communities and surroundings, Mount Galama keeps the charm and its incredible beauty. Stunning views are spread around. Stretches of clove and nutmeg plantations can be seen by tourists during their trip to the summit. On reaching the summit, tourists can see Ternate Island landscape and other islands such as Tidore and Halmahera Islands. Tourists can also find unique places on the mountain, one of which is Abdas Springs.
  1. Where is the mountain located?
A.  On Bacan Island
B.   On Tidore Island
C.   On Maitara Island
D.  On Ternate Island
E.   On Halmahera Island
  1. What kinds of plantations are there around the mountain?
A.  Cacao and wheat.
B.   Cinnamon and tea.
C.   Cloves and rubber.
D.  Carrots and cabbages.
  1. Which statement is true according to the text?
A.  Mount Gamalama is a dormant volcano.
B.   Mount Gamalama is about 1,500 meters tall.
C.   There have been 17 eruptions since 1538 A. D.
D.  The view around the mountain is stunning.
E.   There is a crater take called Abdas.

The following text is for questions 15 to 17.
Toyota City
Toyota, a city in Japan, is on east central Honshu Island, in Central Aichi Prefecture on the Yahagi River. Toyota is the headquarter of the Toyota Motor Corporation and is a major automobile manufacturing and assembly center. A classic company town, it has a planned layout for its sprawling assembly plants, office complexes, and  housing-developments for workers and their families. The city was formerly named Koromo, meaning “clothing” and prospered from the late 19th century until the 1930s as a center of the silk industry. Its development as an automobile manufacturing center began with the opening of the first assembly plant in 1937. The city’s name was changed to Toyota in 1959 after the second plant, Motomachi, was opened and the population began to grow rapidly, Population (2002): 342, 835.
  1. What is the main idea of the text?
A.       The history of the Toyota City.
B.        The geogrophical aspects of the Toyota City.
C.        The production of the Toyota Motor Corporation.
D.       The families and workers of the Toyota Motor Corporation.
  1. What was the old name of the Toyota City?
A.       Yahagi.
B.        Honshu.
C.        Koromo.
D.       Motomachi.
  1. The word “their” in the sentence ‘it has planned layout for its sprawling assembly plants, office complexes, and housing development for workers and their families’ refer to ...
A.       Workers.
B.        Headquarters.
C.        Cassembly plants.
D.       Housing developments.

Deskripsi Orang
The following text is for questions 18 to 20.
Maudy is a very good and helpful student. She is in the first year at Pratama Secondary School. She is good at Mathematic, English, and Science. That’s why all of her teachers are proud of her. Her friends often ask for helps to solve math problem. She is really dilligent and kind. All her friends and teachers like her very much.

Maudy is a simple girl. Now, she is thirteen years old. She is tall. Her body is not fat. She has bright skin. She has long straight black hair. Her big black eyes on her round face make her look beautiful.
She likes reading stories, cycling, and playing badminton. During the break time, she often goes to the library to borrow or read books. She rides her bike on Sunday and plays badminton.
  1. The text tells us about ...
A.       Maudy.
B.        Maudy’s school.
C.        Maudy’s hobbies.
D.       Maudy’s study.
  1. Maudy often helps her friends to solve their problem. It means that Maudy is a ... student.
A.       beautiful
B.        dilligent
C.        simple
D.       helpful
  1. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A.       Maulida is a helpful student.
B.        Maulida is a smart student.
C.        Maulida is a dilligent student.
D.       Maulida’s hobbies.

Deskripsi Benda/ Profile Perusahaan
The following text is for questions  21 to 23.
PT. Semen Dadang is a cement company based in Indarung, Padang, Indonesia. This was established in 1910 and has become an export company for years. The products have been exported to most of South East Asia markets even to Japan and South Korea. Its products are in two kinds of Portland cements. The production process is supported by high technology machinery settled in four fabrications named Indarung I, II, III, and IV. It is run by more than 1,000 employees.
PT. Semen Dadang has large resource near the fabrication area under its management. It has taken initiative on bringing. West Sumatra province forwards. It has all facilities for its employers and the people around the factory. It is also concerned with the environment.  
  1. The topic of the first paragraph is ...
A.       the marketplan of PT. Semen Dadang.
B.        the largest company in West Sumatera.
C.        the providing facilities for its employees.
D.       the profile of PT. Semen Dadang company.
  1. From the text, we know that PT. Semen Dadng is ...
A.       a small company which produce cement.
B.        a big company that has many branches.
C.        a small farm company settled in West Sumatera.
D.       a big company that produces cement and export it abroad.
  1. How does the company production process run?
A.       By building a new factory.
B.        By prepairing all facilities.
C.        By using high technology machines.
D.       By exporting the product to overseas.

The following text is for questions 24 to 26.
Aneolia: The Expert in Gas Analysis
Aneolia is a French company specializing in instrumentation for gas measurement,  and packaging control. Our key customers are Food and Medical Companies, Heavy Industries, and Conversation of Works of Art.
Our technical team takes care of the calibration of all brands of gas analyzers.  We also repair all generation of abiss instruments.
We guaranty a fast and mazimum service reactivity. Permanent telephone assistance, maintenance within 48 hours after reception of devices at workshop.
  1. What is the text about?
A.       French fries.
B.        Food and Beverage Restaurant.
C.        Gas Analysis company.
D.       Telephone Assistance.
  1. The technical team repairs ...
A.       the permanent telephones.
B.        the calibration of gas analyzers.
C.        the generation of basis instrument.
D.       the devices of the workshop.
  1. “... after reception of devices at workshop.” (paragraph 3). The underlined word is closest in meaning to ...
A.       Tools .
B.        Tricks.
C.        Methods.
D.       Weapons.

Deskripsi Benda/ Profesi
The following text is for questions 27 to 29.
Higher Education (HE) lecturers teach academic and vocational subjects to undergraduate and postgraduate students aged 18 upwards. They work in universities and some colleges of further education.
Teaching methods include lecturers, seminars, tutorials, practical laboratory demonstrations, field work and e-learning. Multimedia technologies are being increasingly used.
HE lecturers also pursue their own research to contribute to the wider research activities of their department institutions. Many aims to have their research published, either in the form of a book or scholarly article, and this can help raise the profile of their employing HE institutions.
Administrative tasks take up a significant part of the working day. Many lecturers also take on a pastoral role with their students. As HE lecturers progress their career paths, they may be expected to undertake a managerial role of the relevant department.
  1. What is the text about?
A.       The pastoral role and relation.
B.        Different teaching techniques.
C.        Higher education technologies.
D.       Activities of Higher Education lecturer.
  1. According to the text, what can we share as the teaching methods for Higher Education?
A.       seminars and drawing.
B.        Tutorials and field trip.
C.        e-learning and playing games.
D.       laboratory demontration and lecturers.
  1. “ ... they may be expected to undertake a managerial role ... “ (paragraph 4). The underlined word is closest in meaning to ...
A.       perform.
B.        provide.
C.        prepare.
D.       protect.

B. Procedure Text
Teks procedure merupakan teks yang menjelaskan cara melakukan atau membuat sesuatu melalui serangkaian tindakan atau langkah. Langkah-langkah tersebut harus dilakukan dengan runtut agar hasilnya sesuai dengan yang dikehendaki.
Teks procedure dapat berupa cara membuat atau menggunakan sesuatu, seperti manual (petunjuk pemakaian alat), resep masakan atau minuman, langkah kerja percobaan/ eksperimen, dan tutorial.

The following text is for questions 1 to 3.
Your personal safety at an Absa ATM is our first priority. For this reason, Absa has taken great care to make ATM banking as safe as possible. Here’s what you can do to make sure you and your money are safe.
  • Approach an ATM only under the right conditions and be aware of your surrounding.
  • Check the area for suspicious-looking characters before you approach the ATM. Leave the ATM immediately if you don’t feel safe.
  • If you think the ATM is not working, cancel the transaction immediately and try to use another ATM.
  • Always concentrate and keep your eyes on the screen when performing a transaction.
  • When entering your PIN cover the keypad with your other hand, making sure no one else sees your PIN.
  • If you need help, ask your Absa bank official, rather than the security guard.
  • If your card is lost, stuck the machine or swallowed, call the Absa lost card line or contact your nearest Absa branch immediately.
  1. What is the text about?
A.       The priority of Absa ATM Banking.
B.        Advice for users of Absa ATM.
C.        How to draw money from Absa ATM.
D.       Things to do while using the Absa ATM.
  1. According to the text, what should you do when doing a transaction?
A.       Be calm.
B.        Be great.
C.        Be careful.
D.       Be focused.
  1. What should you do if you don’t feel secure?
A.  Go away.
B.   Put away.
C.   Take away.
D.  Stay away.

The following text is for questions 4 to 6.
Instructions:
  • Create a cover letter saying who the document is for and from as well as their extended fax number and your phone number. Place the cover letter on top of your documents and insert it into the fax machine.
  • Enter the fax number.
  • Hit the send key once. Now you have properly entered all of the numbers into the machine.
  • Wait for your documents to pass through the machine and collect them when finished.
  • Look for a confirmation page to print.
  1. What does the text tells us about?
A.       How to use a fax machine.
B.        How to create a cover letter.
C.        How to use a printer machine.
D.       How to use a photocopy machine.
  1. What is the next step after inserting the document into the fax machine?
A.        Place the cover letter on the top.
B.        Wait for the documents.
C.        Enter the fax number.
D.        Hit the send key.
  1. “wait for your documents to pass through the machine and collect them when finished.” Which of the following is the synonym of the underlined word?
A.       Design. 
B.        Industry.
C.        Engine.
D.       Tool.

The following text is for questions 7 to 9.
On the Top
(Recipe by Anna Cline)
Ingredients:
  • 1 cup margarine
  • 2 cup sugar
  • 4 eggs
  • 3 cups flour
  • I teaspoon baking soda
  • 2 cups sour cream
  • 3 teaspoons baking powder
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla
Topping:
  • 1 cup chocolate cinnamon
  • ½ cup sugar
Steps:
Cream margarine in a large mixing bowl. Gradually add sugar, beat until light and fluffy. Then, add eggs, beating well. Sift flour with baking powder and baking soda. After that, add dry ingredients alternatively with sour cream and vanilla, beginning and ending with dry ingredients. Turn half of batter into greased 9 x 13 inch pan. Sprinkle half of topping. Bake at 350 ° for 45 minutes.
  1. What is the purpose of the text?
A.       To explain how things happen.
B.        To tell an event.
C.        To explain how to make chocolate chip cake.
D.       To amuse the teachers with a story about chocolate cake.
E.        To describe chocolate a story cake.
  1. How much baking powder do you need?
A.       Three cups.
B.        Four cups.
C.        Two teaspoons.
D.       Three teaspons.
E.        Four teaspoons.
  1. “Sprinkle half of topping mixture over batter.” The underlined word has similar meaning with ...
A.       Cut.
B.        Divide.
C.        Mix.
D.       Repeat.
E.        Scatter.
C. Recount Text
Recount merupakan jenis teks yang bertujuan menceritakan peristiwa, kejadian, atau kegiatan yang terjadi pada waktu lampau. Teks in bisa berupa peristiwa sejarah, pengalaman pribadi atau orang lain.

The following text is for questions 1 to 3.
Our school had a special event last Saturday, June 8, 2013. This event was for dads and kids. There were many outdoor games prepared by the school. According to the school principal, this event was held to involve the fathers in the children’s education lives. If a father isn’t available, children can bring an uncle or other adult male.
Many pairs of dads and kids played outdoor games. My dad and I were very happy.  I hadn’t played games with my dad before because he was very busy at his office. There were five outdoor games that we should participated, such as running, dancing, singing, building a sand castle, and question games. The funniest game was question game. We should answer some questions. It was funny because many dads could not answer the questions, so they answered freely. I enjoyed all the games with my dad.
Even though we didn’t win any game, I was very happy. When there is such game like this. I will practice more with my dad, so we can win.
  1. What is the purpose of the text?
A.  To amuse the readers about an event.
B.   To retell an event to the readers.
C.   To describe the special event.
D.  To persuade the readers to follow the game.
E.   To tell an amusing story happened in the event.
  1. We can conclude that ...
A.  the event was for parents and children.
B.   there were three games for the participants.
C.   It was allowed to bring an uncle to the games.
D.  the writer and his dad won some games.
E.   the writer always practiced the games before the past.
  1. Why did the writer enjoy the games?
A.  Because he loved the games very much.
B.   Because he didn’t win the games.
C.   Because he could win the games.
D.  Because his father was usually very busy at his office.
E.   Because his father could do his job well.

The following text is for questions 4 to 6.
  • Maria Yuryevna Sharapova is a Russian Professional tennis player. She was born in 1987 in Ngayan, Serbia.
  • At the age of three, Sharapova moved with her family to Sochi. She began playing tennis at the age of four using a racket given to her by Yevgeng Kafelnikov’s father. At the age of five or six, at a tennis clinic in Moskow, Sharapova was spotted by Martina Navratilova, who urged her parents to get her serious coaching in the USA.
  • At the age of seven, she and her father boarded a plane to the USA with only $ 700. Her father took her to the Nick Bollettieri Tennis Academy where one of the coaches checked her out. The story goes Maria knocked his hat off with the tennis ball, thereby making favorable impression. This led to her obtaining a scholarship. At the age of 9, she was signed up by a number of sponsors including (racquets). Oakley and Nike.
  • In 2004, Sharapova became the second youngest Wimbledon woman’s champion in the open era (after Martina Hingis) by defeating defending two-time champion Serena Williams in straight sets (6-1; 6-4). In the process she also became the first Russian ever to win that tournament.
  1. What is the story about?
A.  The family of Maria Sharapova.
B.   Proffessional tennis players in the world.
C.   The happiness of having a great father.
D.  The working experience of Maria Sharapova.
  1. In what age was Miss Sharapova being a model of same products?
A.  Three
B.   Four
C.   Five
D.  Nine
  1. “... was spotted by Martina Navratilova ...” (sentence 4)
The synonym of the underlined word is ...
A.  seen
B.   searched
C.   placed
D.  introduced

The following text is for questions 7 to 8.
Levi Strauss came to the United States from Bavaria as a teenager. After spending several years in New York, he made a journey to California when the gold rush was as its peak. He got the idea to sell tents to the gold miners, but they were not interested. He recycled the brown canvas cloth into sturdy pants which became a great demand in mining camps. Later, he began making workpants in a blue cotton fabric imported from France, called “Serge de Nimes”, but known in America as ‘Denim’.
Along with Jacob Davis, a tailor from Nevada, Strauss, patented a pattern of copper rivets to srengthen the stress point on pants, especially the pocket. They first became known as waist overalls, then ‘levis’. They became so popular that Straus concentrated most his effort on the manufacture and sales of the durable work pants.
  1. What is the main idea of paragraph one?
A.  The life of Levis Strauss.
B.   The history of gold rush.
C.   The favorite business of Levi.
D.  The early business of Levi.
  1. We can conclude from the text that ...
A.  Strauss once lived in France
B.   Strauss sold the pants to school
C.   The pants had special details on the zipper
D.  The material of the pants was called Denim

The following text is for questions 9 to 11.
Today a mouse is an essential input device for all modern computers, but it wasn’t so long ago that computers had no mouse and no graphical user interface. Data was entered by typing commands on a keyboard.
A mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart in 1964. It consisted of a wooden shell, circuit board and two metal wheels that came into contact with the surface it was being used on.
In 1972 Bill English developed the further design by inventing a “Ball Mouse”. The ball replaced the wheels and was capable of monitoring movement in any direction. The ball came into contact with two rollers that in turn spun wheels with graduations on them that could be turned into electrical pulses representing direction speed.
An optical mouse was developed around 1980, eliminating the ball which often became dirty from rolling round the desktop, negatively affecting its operation. In 1988, the patent was issued for an optical mouse invented by Lisa M. Williams and Robert S. Cherry.
The optical mouse became a commercially viable alternative to the ball mouse and infiltrated the mass consumer market. Today the optical mouse has completely replaced the ball mouse, being supplied as standard with all new computers.
  1. The fourth paragraph is about ...
A.  the invention of a ball mouse
B.   the first mouse for all computers
C.   the invention of an optical mouse
D.  the standard mouse nowadays
E.   the developing design of a mouse
  1. What was the weakness of a ball mouse?
A.  It became dirty from rolling round the desktop.
B.   It was hard to monitor the movement in any direction.
C.   It was heavy due to its material from wood.
D.  It could be turned into electrical pulses for the speed.
E.   Its two rollers inside the ball were difficult to roll around.
  1. The improvement was made in ...
A.  the rollers of the mouse
B.   the function of the mouse
C.   the quality of the mouse
D.  the electrical pulses for directions
E.   the connection to computers

D. Report Text
Tujuan report text adalah menyampaikan informasi tentang sesuatu, misalnya binatang, tumbuhan, atau gejala alam sebagai hasil pengamatan sistematis atau analitis. Hal-hal yang disampaikan dalam teks report bersifat umum.
The following text is for questions 1 to 4.
Different Types of Sea Mammals
Seals, sea lions and walruses live both on land and in sea. When on dry land or on ice, they are very clumsy in their movements. But in the water, they swim gracefully. They all leave the water for land or ice fields to give birth of their young.
The dolphins and the sea cows are sea mammals. Dolphins and porpoises look like but usually the dolphins are large. These animals are mainly fish eaters. Experiments show that dolphins are intelligent and can communicate with each other. They can be trained to perform various kinds of tricks and acts.
The highly intelligent killer whale belongs to the dolphin family. Despite of its scary name, it has never been heard to attack human.
  1. The text mainly tells us about ...
A.  different characteristic of sea mammals.
B.   different characteristic of sea mammals’ community.
C.    different behavior of sea mammals.
D.  seals, sea lions, dolphins, sea cows, and whale belong to sea mammals.
E.   all sea mammals give birth on land.
  1. sea, sea lions and walruses ...
A.  are fish eaters.
B.   can perform tricks.
C.   can communicate with one another.
D.  are not fish.
E.   are swift swimmer sea mammals.  
  1. What is the main idea of paragraph three?
A.  Killer whales give birth on land.
B.   Killer whale is an intelligent sea mammal and never attack human.
C.   Killer whale belongs to dolhpin’s family.
D.  Killer whale doesn’t kill.
E.   Killer whale can swim fater than dolphin.
  1. The purpose of the text is ...
A.  to inform about mammals.
B.   to entertain the readers about mammals.
C.   to describe the type of sea mammals.
D.  to tell the past event of sea mammals.
E.   to persuade the readers about sea mammals.

The following text is for questions 5 to 8.
Flowers are the parts of a seed plant that contain the organs concerned with sexual reproduction, including ovary and stamens. The reproduction sructure are usually associated with sterrile outer structures that protect them and attract insects or birds which help the process of fertilization. Some flowers have special scents which can attract insects to come.
Flowers basically have four parts: petals, sepals, stamens and pistils. Most petals are in bright color, or sometimes green, as green as sepals. Stamens are the male reproductive organs, which arise within the metals. They vary in number, from one to hundreds per flower.  Pistils are the female organs of reproduction, they vary in structures.
  1. What is the function of sterile outer structure?
A.  They have special scents.
B.   They attract insects or birds.
C.   They protect ovary and stamens.
D.  They contain sexual reproduction.
E.   They help the process of fertilization.
  1. What the male organs of reproduction?
A.  Petals
B.   Sepals
C.   Pistils
D.  Stamens
E.   Ovary
  1. Why do sterile outer structures attract insect or bird?
A.  To protect them.
B.   To vary in structures,
C.   To give their scent.
D.  To help the process of fertilization.
E.   To provide some flowers with special.
  1. What is meant by the female reproductive organs?
A.  Petals
B.   Sepals
C.   Stamens
D.  Seeds
E.   Pistils

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