Suggestion


LEARNING MATERIAL: SUGGESTION


Subject : English
Class/Semester : XI /3
Topic/ Material : Suggestion

I. Basic Competence

3.13 Menganalisis  fungsi sosial sruktur text dan unsur kebahasaan text interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
4.13. Menyusun text interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis,pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial struktur teks dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

II. Competence Indicator

3.13.1 Mengidentifikasi  fungsi sosial, struktur teks dan unsur kebahasaan dalam teks tentang meminta dan memberi saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
3.13.2 Membedakan  fungsi sosial, struktur teks dan unsur bahasa dari berbagai ungkapan mengenai memberi dan meminta informasi tentang saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
4.13.1 Menyusun dialog interaksi transaksional pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran. 
4.13.2. Mempraktekkan dialog interaksi transaksional pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran.

III. Objective

1. Peserta didik mampu menemukan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
2. Peserta didik mampu membedakan fungsi sosial,  struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya. 
3. Peserta didik mampu membuat dialog teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
4. Peserta didik mampu mempraktekkan dialog teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya. 

IV. Reference

1. Buku Siswa Bahasa Inggris. SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia. 2017. 
2. PR Bahasa Inggris. SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI. Kurniawati Cicik;Wardhana A Prasetya;Susiningsih. Penerbit Intan Pariwara. 2017
3. Mandiri. Practice Your English Competence. SMK Kelas XI. Eka Mulya Astuti. Penerbit Erlangga. 2015. 
4. https://learningenglish.voanews.com/a/making-and-responding-to-suggestions/4266045.html
5. https://englishwithatwist.com/2014/07/29/english-skills-11-ways-of-offering-something-to-someone/
6. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpmUWNI11Qc
7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XvCJKjA9UM 

V. Introduction 

In our daily life, we sometimes face problem or bad condition, so naturally we express it by asking for or giving suggestion or offer. Suggestion expression is a statement to give an advice. For example, parents suggest to their children, teachers suggest their students, etc. 

Sometimes we need to do expression and response offer when we want to help someone or when we want to decline or accept someone’s help so it is common that the speakers make expression and response offer in a conversation in order to be polite and helpful. 

This handsout guides you to learn the expression of suggestion and offer in English. 


SUGGESTION

In this unit, you will learn about the expression of suggestion and offer. For the first activity, you have to observe those expressions by watching videos. 

OBSERVATION: WATCHING VIDEO

Please open the following link to observe video containing of the expression of suggestion by watching. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XvCJKjA9UM  
Please open the folllowing link, then observe the expression of the offering in the video by watching. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpmUWNI11Qc

OBSERVATION: READING

Read the following dialogs!
Dialog 1 
Jane: Hi, John. 
John: Hi, Jane. What are you doing? 
Jane: Nothing much. Would you like to go to movies? 
John: I would love to, but not right now. 
Jane: How about in the afternoon? 
John: Great! What movie do you want to watch? 
Jane: Let’s watch “Ring”.
John: I would rather not. I am not much into horror movies. How about “Peanuts”? 
Jane: O.K. Let;s go. When do you want to go? 
John: At 4 o’clock. 
Jane: It sounds good. O.K., See you then! 
John: O.K. See you!
Dialog 2 
Tigor : Tyas, you look pale. Are you alright? 
Tyas : No, I am not. I am dizzy. 
Tigor : You should have a rest in the medical room. 
Tyas : I have had a rest in the medical room, but I am still dizzy. 
Tigor : I suggest you go home, then see a doctor. 
Tyas : You are right. 
Tigor : Please have a rest and I will inform Mr. Danang, so he can call your mother to fetch you. 
Tyas: O.K. Thank you, Tigor. 
Tigor: You’re welcome.
Read and practice the following conversation with your partner!
Dialog 3 
Aziz : Hi, guys!
Abista : Hi, how’s life?
Aziz : I’m okay. 
Abista : Oh, come in, please! 
Aziz : Thank you. 
Abista : What do you want to drink?
Aziz : A cup of coffee will be fine. By the way, tomorrow I will celebrate my birthday. Do you want to come to my party?
Abista : Yes, of course. Thanks. That’s very kind of you. 
Aziz : But I need your advice about the theme of the party. What the kind of theme should I choose for my birthday party?
Abista : I think you should choose the halloween theme. 
Aziz : Oh...that’s good idea. Thank you for your advice. 
*Kalimat berawarna hijau adalah kalimat giving suggestion (memberi saran)


A. Definition 

Suggest means to give a suggestion that is to introduce or propose an idea or a plan for someone’s consideration. 
Suggestions are abstract noun and can be in form of solutions, advice, plan, and idea. It can be accepted or refused.

B. Social Function

The social function of the expression of suggestion is to facilitate interpersonal communication between different people. 

C. Sentences of Asking for, Giving, and the Responses 

Now, read and understand the examples of the expression asking for, giving, and the responses to suggestions below. 
Asking for Suggestion: 
1. What do you think I should do?
2. What do you suggest? 
3. What would you do (in this situation)? 
4. What would you do if you were me?
Sentences of Giving Suggestions: 
1. Let’s go to the library. 
2. Let’s go to movies. 
3. Why don’t you do your homework before going out? 
4. We could eat at home today. 
5. What about eating at the new place? 
6. How aboout eating at the new place?
7. How about going to Sam’s place first?
8. I suggest that we call it a day. 
9. You need to change your sleeping habits.
10. I think you should go and meet her. 
11. I think we should do it this way. 



D. Structures 

When making suggestions, we often use the following expressions. 
1. Let’s ... 
2. Why don’t we ... 
3. We could ... 
4. What about ... 
5. How about ... 
6. I suggest that ... 
7. You need to ... 
8. I think you should ... 
9. I think we should ... 
10. If I were in your position, I would ... 
11. If I were in your shoes, I would ...
12. You ought to ...
13. You ought not ... 
14. You had better... 
15. Whatever you do ... 

Structure of Subjunctive to Suggest 

A subjunctive is used in a noun clause which follows certain verbs and expressions. The subjunctive is used in its simple form only (“be” or “verb base”). It doesn’t have present, past, or future form. The negative form of subjunctive is “no + simple form”. 



E. Language Features

Vocabularies Related to the Topic
1. Nothing much=kabar baik
2. Movies=film
3. Not much into=tidak begitu suka
4. It sounds good=bagus

Modal Auxiliary Verb: should, should not, ought to, ought not, had better

Modal auxiliares in English are can, could, had better, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would. 
Modal auxiliaries generally express that a speaker feels something is necessary, advisable, permissible, or possible. 
The modals should, ought to, had better, would, will, shall, may, and can are used to give advice and make offers. 

1. Should

If you should do something, it is the best thing for you to do it because it is either good for you or it will help you. 
Examples: 
a. You should give up smoking. 
b. You should go to bed early if you’re feeling tired. 

2. Should not 

“Should not” is used when it is the best thing for you to avoid something because it is bad for you. 
Examples: 
a. You shouldn’t come late. 
b. You shouldn’t worry so much. Everything will be all right.

3. Ought to

Use this to say that you think someone should do something because it is good for them or will help them.
Examples: 
a. You ought to exercise more. 
b. You ought to ask Eric. I’m sure he’d help. 

4. Ought not 

“Ought not” is used when you think it is best for someone not to do something. 
Examples: 
a. You ought not bully him. 
b. You ought not drive fast. 

5. Had better 

Use this to say that you think someone should do something because it is ensible or it will help them avoid problems. 
Examples:
a. You had better ask your teacher for advice. 
b. We’d better go home. 

Simple Present Tense

The term of simple present tense usually is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. Besides, it indicates a fact or general truth. In the expression of giving suggestion, we find the simple present tense with the interrogative patterns as the following examples. 
Example: 
1. What do you think I should do?
2. What do you suggest? 
3. Why don’t you go to the dentist? 

Gerund

Gerund is a “noun” with “verb ing” form. In giving suggestion, we find the use of gerund after preposition “about” as following examples. 
1. What about eating at the new place? 
2. How aboout eating at the new place?
3. How about going to Sam’s place first?


Asking for Suggestion (Meminta Saran)
1. Do you have any suggestion for me?
2. Do you have any advice for me?
3. Would you mind giving me suggestion?
4. Would you mind giving me advice?
5. What should I do?
6. Can you tell me what should I do?

Giving Suggestion/Advice (Memberi Saran):
1. I think you should ...
2. I don't think you should...
3. Why don't you...
4. Why don't we...
5. Let's...
6. What about...
7. You can...
8. You ought to...
9. You'd better...
10. If I were you, I'd ....
11. How about ...

***

LATIHAN SOAL MATERI SUGGESTION

Mata Pelajaran: Bahasa Inggris
Topik : Opinion 
Kelas/Semester:/ Gasal (3)

Tujuan Pembelajaran: 
1. Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasi topik di dalam teks dialog
2. Peserta didik dapat mengidentifikasi informasi tersirat di dalam teks dialog
3. Peserta didik dapat menemukan expression of agree and disagree di dalam teks dialog 

Read the dialog, then answer the questions. 

Yoga: Friends, now we are going to discuss where we are going to head for our class vacation. So, who can come up with the first idea? 

Habibi: What about Anyer Beach? It’s one of the nearest beaches we can visit. 

Yoga: Is there anyone who disagrees with the idea? 

Jenny: Um, I am not sure about that. Our class went to Anyer Beach. I think we should think of something else. 

Habibi: Oh yeah! You’re right. I forgot about that. 

Jefri: Well, I suggest Kebun Raya Bogor. 

Kania: I agree with you, Jefri. I have never been there either. 

Geri: Me, neither. I am with you, Kania. Seeing great trees and plants must be exciting. Kebun Raya Bogor is like a great jungle in the middle of town. 

Sarah: I’m sorry guys. I think I disagree with that. It’s the rainy season now. And as you know, Kebun Raya Bogor is located in Bogor which is the city of rain. Seeing the intensity of rainfall throughout Indonesia lately, I think we might not be able to explore the whole Kebun Raya Bogor due to the rain. 

Tio: I think what Sarah said is right. Kebun Raya Bogor is not the best place to visit during this heavy rainy season. 

Yoga: Well, are there any other ideas? 

Fauzi: How about Bali? 

Habibi: No way! I don’t have enough money to go to Bali. 

Sarah: Habibi is right, Fauzi. It’s really costly to pick Bali as an option. 

Yoga: Okay, friends. To save the time, now let’s just write your ideas onto a piece of paper and we will discuss it tomorrow. Thank you. 

Questions: 
1. What is the subject of the discussion? 
2. Does anyone agree on what the ideas are? 
3. Find two examples of an agreement in the dialog. 
4. Find two examples of a disagreement in the dialog. 
5. Does this seem to be a fight or a friendly agreement? 

Pembahasan dan Kunci Jawaban:

Read the dialog, then answer the questions.- Bacalah dialog, lalu jawab soalnya. 
Yoga: Friends, now we are going to discuss where we are going to head for our class vacation. So, who can come up with the first idea? – Teman-teman, sekarang kita akan berdiskusi tentang tempat kita akan berlibur nanti. Siapa yang mau usul terlebih dahulu?

Habibi: What about Anyer Beach? It’s one of the nearest beaches we can visit. –Bagaimana kalau ke Pantai Anyer? Pantai Anyer merupakan salah satu pantai terdekat yang bisa kita kunjungi. 

Yoga: Is there anyone who disagrees with the idea?-Apakah ada yang tidak setuju dengan idenya Habibi?

Jenny: Um, I am not sure about that. Our class went to Anyer Beach. I think we should think of something else. –Um,aku ngga yakin tentang idenya Habibi. Kelas kami sudah pernah ke Pantai Anyer. Menurut pendapatku, kita harus ke tempat lain. 

Habibi: Oh yeah! You’re right. I forgot about that. –Oh ya. Benar kamu itu. Aku lupa tentang hal itu

Jefri: Well, I suggest Kebun Raya Bogor. –Aku menyarankan lebih baik ke Kebun Raya Bogor saja. 

Kania: I agree with you, Jefri. I have never been there either. –Aku setuju demganmu, Jefri. Aku sih belum pernah ke Kebun Raya Bogor. 

Geri: Me, neither. I am with you, Kania. Seeing great trees and plants must be exciting. Kebun Raya Bogor is like a great jungle in the middle of town. –Aku juga belum pernah ke sana. Aku setuju dengan kamu, Kania. Melihat pohon-pohon dan tanaman rindang pasti menyenangkan. Kebun Raya Bogor seperti hutan besar yanga ada di tengah kota. 

Sarah: I’m sorry guys. I think I disagree with that. It’s the rainy season now. And as you know, Kebun Raya Bogor is located in Bogor which is the city of rain. Seeing the intensity of rainfall throughout Indonesia lately, I think we might not be able to explore the whole Kebun Raya Bogor due to the rain. –Maaf, teman-teman. Aku ngga setuju. Saat ini sedang musim hujan. Seperti yang kalian tahu, Kebun Raya Bogor terletak di Bogor yang merupakan kota hujan. Melihat intensitas curah hujan di Indonesia saat ini, menurutku kita seharusnya tidak boleh menjelajahi seluruh Kebun Raya Bogor karena hujan. 

Tio: I think what Sarah said is right. Kebun Raya Bogor is not the best place to visit during this heavy rainy season. – Iyaa, menurutku apa yang Sarah katakan itu benar. Kebun Raya Bogor bukanlah tempat paling baik untuk dikunjungi selama musim hujan deras. 

Yoga: Well, are there any other ideas? –Baiklah, apakah ada yang punya ide lain? 

Fauzi: How about Bali? –Bagaimana kalau ke Bali? 

Habibi: No way! I don’t have enough money to go to Bali. – Nggak. Aku nggak punya cukup uang untuk liburan ke Bali. 

Sarah: Habibi is right, Fauzi. It’s really costly to pick Bali as an option. –Benar Habibi itu, Fauzi. Mahal banget kalau milih Bali untuk berlibur. 

Yoga: Okay, friends. To save the time, now let’s just write your ideas onto a piece of paper and we will discuss it tomorrow. Thank you. –Baiklah teman-teman. Untuk menghemat waktu, sekarang tuliskan ide kalian di selembar kertas, dan kita akan membahasnya lagi besok saja. Terima kasih. 

Questions/SOAL: 
1. What is the subject of the discussion? –Apakah tema obrolan/diskusi di atas?
Answer: Discussion about choosing best vacation place-Diskusi tentang memilih tempat liburan yang terbaik. 
2. Does anyone agree on what the ideas are? –Apakah semua orang setuju dengan ide yang ada? 
Answer: Not all agree. –Tidak semuanya setuju. 
3. Find two examples of an agreement in the dialog. – Temukan dua contoh “kalimat yang menandakan setuju” dari dialog di atas!
Answer: 
Habibi: Oh yeah! You’re right.
Kania: I agree with you, Jefri. 
Geri: Me, neither. I am with you, Kania.
Tio: I think what Sarah said is right.
Sarah: Habibi is right, Fauzi.
4. Find two examples of a disagreement in the dialog. –Temukan dua contoh “kalimat yang mendandakan tidak setuju” dari dialog di atas
Answer: 
Jenny: Um, I am not sure about that.
Sarah: I’m sorry guys. I think I disagree with that.
Habibi: No way! I don’t have enough money to go to Bali.
5. Does this seem to be a fight or a friendly agreement? –Apakah persetujuan (agreement) yang ada di dalam dialog nampak seperti orang yang sedang bertengkar atau ngga? 
Answer: It depends on students' opinion. - Tergantung. Jawaban tiap siswa bisa beda-beda. 

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