Suggestion and Offer





“LEARNING MATERIAL: e-HANDOUT”

School                         : SMK Bina Patria 1 Sukoharjo
Subject                         : English
Class/Semesterr           : XI /3
Topic/ Material            : Suggestion & Offer
Meeting                       : 1-2
Duration of Learning  : 6X45 Menit
Teacher                        : Eko Wahyudi, S. Pd

I.    Core Competence
KI3: Memahami, menerapkan, menganalisis, dan mengevaluasi tentang pengetahuan faktual, konseptual, prosedural dasar, dan metakognitif sesuai dengan bidang dan lingkup kajian Bahasa Inggris pada tingkat teknis, spesifik, detil, dan kompleks, berkenaan dengan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi, seni, budaya, dan humaniora dalam konteks pengembangan potensi diri sebagai bagian dari keluarga, sekolah, dunia kerja, warga masyarakat nasional, regional, dan internasional.
KI4: Melaksanakan tugas spesifik dengan menggunakan alat, informasi, dan prosedur kerja yang lazim dilakukan serta memecahkan masalah sesuai dengan bidang kajian Bahasa Inggris.Menampilkan kinerja di bawah bimbingan dengan mutu dan kuantitas yang terukur sesuai dengan standar kompetensi kerja.Menunjukkan keterampilan menalar, mengolah, dan menyaji secara efektif, kreatif, produktif, kritis, mandiri, kolaboratif, komunikatif, dan solutif dalam ranah abstrak terkait dengan pengembangan dari yang dipelajarinya di sekolah, serta mampu melaksanakan tugas spesifik di bawah pengawasan langsung.Menunjukkan keterampilan mempersepsi, kesiapan, meniru, membiasakan, gerak mahir, menjadikan gerak alami dalam ranah konkret terkait dengan pengembangan dari yang dipelajarinya di sekolah, serta mampu melaksanakan tugas spesifik di bawah pengawasan langsung.
II.       Basic Competence
3.13 Menganalisis  fungsi sosial sruktur text dan unsur kebahasaan text interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
4.13. Menyusun text interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis,pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran dengan memperhatikan fungsi sosial struktur teks dan unsur kebahasaan yang benar sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
III.       Competence Indicator
3.13.1 Mengidentifikasi  fungsi sosial, struktur teks dan unsur kebahasaan dalam teks tentang meminta dan memberi saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
3.13.2 Membedakan  fungsi sosial, struktur teks dan unsur bahasa dari berbagai ungkapan mengenai memberi dan meminta informasi tentang saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
4.13.1 Menyusun dialog interaksi transaksional pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran.
4.13.2. Mempraktekkan dialog interaksi transaksional pendek dan sederhana yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait  saran dan tawaran.
IV.       Objective
1.      Peserta didik mampu menemukan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
2.      Peserta didik mampu membedakan fungsi sosial,  struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
3.      Peserta didik mampu membuat dialog teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
4.      Peserta didik mampu mempraktekkan dialog teks interaksi transaksional lisan dan tulis yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran sesuai dengan konteks penggunannya.
V.       Reference
1.        Buku Siswa Bahasa Inggris. SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia. 2017.
2.        PR Bahasa Inggris. SMA/MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI. Kurniawati Cicik;Wardhana A Prasetya;Susiningsih. Penerbit Intan Pariwara. 2017
3.        Mandiri. Practice Your English Competence. SMK Kelas XI. Eka Mulya Astuti. Penerbit Erlangga. 2015.
VI.       Introduction
In our daily life, we sometimes face problem or bad condition, so naturally we express it by asking for or giving suggestion or offer. Suggestion expression is a statement to give an advice. For example, parents suggest to their children, teachers suggest their students, etc.

Sometimes we need to do expression and response offer when we want to help someone or when we want to decline or accept someone’s help so it is common that the speakers make expression and response offer in a conversation in order to be polite and helpful.

This handsout guides you to learn the expression of suggestion and offer in English.
VII.       Learning Material

SUGGESTION
In this unit, you will learn about the expression of suggestion and offer. For the first activity, you have to observe those expressions by watching videos.

OBSERVATION: WATCHING VIDEO
Please watch and observe the content of the following video (source:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7XvCJKjA9UM )


Please watch and observe the content of the following video (source:. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpmUWNI11Qc)



OBSERVATION: READING
Read the following dialogs!
Dialog 1
Jane: Hi, John.
John: Hi, Jane. What are you doing?
Jane: Nothing much. Would you like to go to movies?
John: I would love to, but not right now.
Jane: How about in the afternoon?
John: Great! What movie do you want to watch?
Jane: Let’s watch “Ring”.
John: I would rather not. I am not much into horror movies. How about “Peanuts”?
Jane: O.K. Let;s go. When do you want to go?
John: At 4 o’clock.
Jane: It sounds good. O.K., See you then!
John: O.K. See you!
Dialog 2
Tigor    : Tyas, you look pale. Are you alright?
Tyas     : No, I am not. I am dizzy.
Tigor    : You should have a rest in the medical room.
Tyas     : I have had a rest in the medical room, but I am still dizzy.
Tigor    : I suggest you go home, then see a doctor.
Tyas     : You are right.
Tigor    : Please have a rest and I will inform Mr. Danang, so he can call your mother to fetch you.
Tyas: O.K. Thank you, Tigor.
Tigor: You’re welcome.
Read and practice the following conversation with your partner!
Dialog 3
Aziz     : Hi, guys!
Abista  : Hi, how’s life?
Aziz     : I’m okay.
Abista  : Oh, come in, please!
Aziz     : Thank you.
Abista  : What do you want to drink?
Aziz       : A cup of coffee will be fine. By the way, tomorrow I will celebrate my birthday. Do you want to come to my party?
Abista  : Yes, of course. Thanks. That’s very kind of you.
Aziz     : But I need your advice about the theme of the party. What the kind of theme should I choose for my birthday party?
Abista  : I think you should choose the halloween theme.
Aziz     : Oh...that’s good idea. Thank you for your advice.

QUESTIONING
Based on the dialog 3, answer these questions with your friend in group!
1.        Where does the conversation take place?
2.        What is the relationship between Abista and Azis?
3.        What drink does Abista offer to Azis?
4.        What will Azis do after geting suggestion from Abista?

QUESTIONING: PROBLEM STATEMENT
Identify the social function, structure, and languuage features of the dialog 1 and 2 above by using the table below!
Dialog 1
No
Aspects
Displayed Dialog


Dialog 1
Jane: Hi, John.
John: Hi, Jane. What are you doing?
Jane: Nothing much. Would you like to go to movies?
John: I would love to, but not right now.
Jane: How about in the afternoon?
John: Great! What movie do you want to watch?
Jane: Let’s watch “Ring”.
John: I would rather not. I am not much into horror movies. How about “Peanuts”?
Jane: O.K. Let;s go. When do you want to go?
John: At 4 o’clock.
Jane: It sounds good. O.K., See you then!
John: O.K. See you!
1
Topic

2
Sentence Structures of Suggestion

3
Language Features of Suggestion

4
Sentence Structures of Offering

5
Language Features of Offering

6
Accepting
Suggestion

7
Declining Suggestion

8
Accepting Offer

9
Declining Offer


COLLECTING DATA
Keep reading and understanding the material below. You will learn much more about the definition, social function, sentences structure, text structure, and language features of the expression of suggestion and offer. You may use this material as reference to answer the problem statements .

A.                         Definition
Suggest means to give a suggestion that is to introduce or propose an idea or a plan for someone’s consideration.
Suggestions are abstract noun and can be in form of solutions, advice, plan, and idea. It can be accepted or refused.

B.          Social Function
The social function of the expression of suggestion is to facilitate interpersonal communication between different people.

C.Sentences of Asking for, Giving, and the Responses
Now, read and understand the examples of the expression asking for, giving, and the responses to suggestions below.
Asking for Suggestion:
1.        What do you think I should do?
2.        What do you suggest?
3.        What would you do (in this situation)?
4.        What would you do if you were me?
Sentences of Giving Suggestions:
1.        Let’s go to the library.
2.        Let’s go to movies.
3.        Why don’t you do your homework before going out?
4.        We could eat at home today.
5.        What about eating at the new place?
6.        How aboout eating at the new place?
7.        How about going to Sam’s place first?
8.        I suggest that we call it a day.
9.        You need to change your sleeping habits.
10.    I think you should go and meet her.
11.    I think we should do it this way.
Responding to Suggestions
No
Making Suggestions
Accepting Suggestions
Declining Suggestions
1
Let’s go to movies.
Yes, let’s go.
No, thank you. I do not feel like going.
2
Why don’t you do your homework before going out?
Ok, I will.
Sorry,I think I will go out first and then do my homework.
3
How about going to Sam’s place first and then to the supermarket?
Yes,let’s go.It is a good idea.
No,let’s just go to the supermarket.
4
I think you should go and meet her.
Ok, if you say so.
Sorry,I can’t. I have previous engagement.

D.          Structures
When making suggestions, we often use the following expressions.
1.        Let’s ...
2.        Why don’t we ...
3.        We could ...
4.        What about ...
5.        How about ...
6.        I suggest that ...
7.        You need to ...
8.        I think you should ...
9.        I think we should ...
10.    If I were in your position, I would ...
11.    If I were in your shoes, I would ...
12.    You ought to ...
13.    You ought not ...
14.    You had better...
15.    Whatever you do ...
Modal Auxiliary used to Suggest: should, should not, ought to, ought not, had better
No
Subject
Modal
Verb 1
Object/Complement
1
You
should
give up
smoking.
2
You
shouldn’t
come
late.
3
You
ought to
exercise
more.
4
You
ought not
bully
him.
5
You
had better
ask
your teacher.
                                                              
Structure of Subjunctive to Suggest
A subjunctive is used in a noun clause which follows certain verbs and expressions. The subjunctive is used in its simple form only (“be” or “verb base”). It doesn’t have present, past, or future form. The negative form of subjunctive is “no + simple form”.
No
Subject
Verb
That
Object
1
I
suggest
that
he clean his room.
2
We
recommend
that
she read “The Hunger Games”.
3
I
propose
that
a report should be sent in.
4
I
put forward
that
we work together on this.
5
We
advise
that
he work hard.
6
I
advocate
that
we support them in every way possible.

Structure Text
Dialog Text
Structure
Amy: Hey Jo! Long time not see!
Jo: Hey Amy! How are you?
Amy: I’m fine Jo, thank you. How about you?

Expression of Opening
Jo: I’m fine too Amy. By the way, I have a problem.
Amy: What is it?
Jo: My cousin is going to marry his fiaancee on this Saturday, but I need to do a lot of homework. Should I go to the wedding party or not?
Amy: I think you should go to your cousin wedding party, but you need to finish your homework first.
Exchanging Information
Jo: Okay Amy, thank you. I will thank about that.
Amy: You are welcome, Amy.
Expression of Closing


E.   Language Features
Vocabularies Related to the Topic
1.        Nothing much=kabar baik
2.        Movies=film
3.        Not much into=tidak begitu suka
4.        It sounds good=bagus

Modal Auxiliary Verb: should, should not, ought to, ought not, had better
Modal auxiliares in English are can, could, had better, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would.
Modal auxiliaries generally express that a speaker feels something is necessary, advisable, permissible, or possible.
The modals should, ought to, had better, would, will, shall, may, and can are used to give advice and make offers.
1.        Should
If you should do something, it is the best thing for you to do it because it is either good for you or it will help you.
Examples:
a.                   You should give up smoking.
b.                  You should go to bed early if you’re feeling tired.
2.        Should not
“Should not” is used when it is the best thing for you to avoid something because it is bad for you.
Examples:
a.                   You shouldn’t come late.
b.                  You shouldn’t worry so much. Everything will be all right.
3.        Ought to
Use this to say that you think someone should do something because it is good for them or will help them.
Examples:
a.                   You ought to exercise more.
b.                  You ought to ask Eric. I’m sure he’d help.
4.        Ought not
“Ought not” is used when you think it is best for someone not to do something.
Examples:
a.                   You ought not bully him.
b.                  You ought not drive fast.
5.        Had better
Use this to say that you think someone should do something because it is ensible or it will help them avoid problems.
Examples:                                     
a.                   You had better ask your teacher for advice.
b.                  We’d better go home.
Simple Present Tense
The term of simple present tense usually is used to talk about things that happen regularly, repeatedly or all the time. Besides, it indicates a fact or general truth. In the expression of giving suggestion, we find the simple present tense with the interrogative patterns as the following examples.
Example:
1.        What do you think I should do?
2.        What do you suggest?
3.        Why don’t you go to the dentist?

Gerund
Gerund is a “noun” with “verb ing” form. In giving suggestion, we find the use of gerund after preposition “about” as following examples.
1.        What about eating at the new place?
2.        How aboout eating at the new place?
3.        How about going to Sam’s place first?

OFFER

A.   Definition
Offer means to give something physical or abstract to someone, which can be taken as a gift or a trade. Offer can be given in terms of food, money, solutions, friendship or a bargain. It can be taken or refused.

B.   Social Function
To facilitate interpersonal communication between different people.

C.      Sentences of Asking for, Giving offer and the responses
Making requests – asking someone to do something for you
1.        “Could you open the door for me, please?”
2.        “Would you mind opening the door for me, please?”
3.        “Can you open the door for me, please?’
Speaking tip: could and can are followed by the verb without to.
4.    Would you mind is followed by the verb and -ing.
5.    “Can I use your computer, please?”
6.    “Could I borrow some money from you, please?”
7.    “Do you mind if I turn up the heating?”
8.    “Would you mind if I turned up the heating?”
Speaking tip: Could is more polite that can.
Do you mind if…” is followed by the verb in the present tense, but would you mind if… is followed by the verb in the past tense.

Sentences of Giving Offer:
1.        May I give you a hand?
2.        Can I help you?
3.        Shall I bring you some tea?
4.        Would you like another peice of cake?
5.        How about I help you with this?
6.        Can I clean the car for you?
7.        Shall I help you with your homework?
8.        I will do the washing, if you like.

Sentences of Responding to Offers
No
Making Offers
Accepting Offers
Declining Offers
1
Can I help you?
Yes, please. I really appreciate it.
It’s okay. I can do it myself.
2
Shall I bring you some tea?
Thank you, it is very kind of you.
No, thank you.
3
Would you like another helping of cake?
Yes,please. That would be lovely.
No,thanks. I don’t want another helping.
4
How about I help you with this?
Yes,please,that would be very kind of you.
Don’t worry,I will do it myself.
5
Can I take you home?
Thank you,I appreciate your help.
That’s alright,I will manage on my own.

D.   Structures
When making offers, we often use the following expressions
1.        May I ... ?
2.        Can I ... ?
3.        Shall I ...
4.        Would you ... ?
5.        How about I ... ?

Sentence Structures to Offer Something
No
Modal Verb
Subject
Object ?
1
Would
you
care for another cup of tea?
2
Shall
we
take you there?
3
Could
I
offer you something?
4
Will
you
have tea with that?

Structure Text
Dialog Text
Structure
Hanny: Hi Mom, what are you doing?
Mom: I’m cooking fried banana.
Expression of Opening
Hanny: May I help you Mom?
Mom: Yes, please, that would be very lovely. Take knife on the table.
Hanny: Ok Mom. Anymore?
Mom: Peel the banana, and don’t forget slice the banana longwise.
Hanny: Yes Mom, I have finished it.
Exchanging Information
 Mom: Thank you my pretty daughter.
Hanny: You’re welcome Mom.
Expression of Closing

E.Language Features
Vocabularies Related to the Topic
1.        Pale: pucat
2.        Dizzy: sakit kepala
3.        Rest: istirahat
4.        Room: kamar

Modal Auxiliary Verb: May, Can, Shall, Would, Will, Could
1.    May I give you a hand?
2.    Can I help you?
3.    Shall I bring you some tea?
4.    Would you like another peice of cake?
5.    I will do the washing, if you like.
6.    Could I offer you something?

Simple Present Tense
Example:
1.    “Do you mind if I turn up the heating?”
2.    “Do you need any help?”
3.    “What can I do for you?”
4.    “Can I get you something to drink?”
Gerund
Example: I will do the washing, if you like.

OBSERVATION: READING
Read and observe this following dialog. Pay attention to the green and yellow highlight!
Dialog 4
Text
Structure
Dhea    : Hi, Riza. How’s life?
Riza     : Everything is well.

Opening
Dhea    : Riza, have you heard that the due date for the final project is extended?
Riza     : Really?
Dhea    : Yes. It will be due next month.
Riza     : That’s wonderful! I haven’t even started yet.
Dhea    : Would you need my help?
Riza     : No, thanks. I’ll do it as soon as possible. I know that you’re busy as I am.
Dhea    : Okay. Just let me know if you need my help.
Riza     : Sure. That’s very kind of you.

Exchange of Information
Dhea    : I have to go. See you tomorrow morning at school.
Riza     : See you.

Closing


VIII.        Summary
Learning Material of the Suggestion and Offer
1. Definition
a.    Suggestions: are abstract noun and can be in form of solutions, advice, plan, and idea. It can be accepted or refused.
b.   Offer: Offer means to give something physical or abstract to someone, which can be taken as a gift or a trade. Offer can be given in terms of food, money, solutions, friendship or a bargain. It can be taken or refused.
2. Social Function
a.    Suggestion: to facilitate interpersonal communication between different people.
b.    Offer: To facilitate interpersonal communication between different people.
3. Structure of the Sentence
a.    Giving Suggestion:
1)        Subject + Modal (should, had better, ought to, need to, could) + Verb1
2)        Let’s + Verb 1
3)        Why don’t + Subject + Verb 1
4)        What about + Noun
5)        What about + Gerun
6)        How about + Noun
7)        How about + Gerund
8)        If Simple Past Tense, Past Future Tense
9)        Subject + Verb + that + Object (Subjunctive)

b.   Giving Offer:
1)        Shall,Will,Can,May,Could+I+Verb1+Object
2)        S+will+Verb1
3)        Would+you+Verb1
4)        How about I ...
4. Structure of the Text:
a.    Expression of Opening
b.    Expression of the Exchange of Information
c.    Expression of Closing
5. Language Features:
a.    Vocabularies related to the text
b.    Modal Verb used to suggest and offer
c.    Simple Present Tense
d.   Gerund
IX.            Formative Test
Choose A, B, C, or D for the correct answer!
Incomplete Dialog
Questions 1 to 5 refer to the following incomplete dialogs. Four clauses/sentences, marked A, B, C, or D, are given beneath each dialog. You have to choose the one clause/sentence that best completes the dialog.
1.      Linda       : Hi Anna. What’s up?
Anna     : I saw you at the prom. You looked so slim. I want to lose weight, too. How can I do it?
Linda     : ...
A.      You don’t need to lose weight. You look fine.
B.       I found that a brisk walk every lunch time helped me to lose weight.
C.       I don’t think you can ever lose weight!
D.      Join a weight loss club. They will give you moral support.
2.           Marco         : I am lost. I need to go Westminster. Can you show me the way?
A stranger: Oh, sure. ...
A.      Ask at the tube station.
B.       I am sorry I can’t help you. I don’t know the way either.
C.       Walk down the road, catch the bus 123 and it will take you there.
D.      Come with me, I will guide you.
3.      Shania      : Hi Andi. What’s your plans after graduating?
Andi      : I want to apply for a job. Do you have any advice?
Shania   : ...
A.      There are not many jobs available. You are wasting your time.
B.       Write your CV and visit the employment agency.
C.       My plan is continuing my studies.
D.      Why do you want a job?
4.      Sister       : Hey, you look so confused. What’s up?
Ari         : My friend asked me for money. What would you do? Would you give it to him?
Sister     : ...
A.      He’s your friend. Give him money.
B.       I never give money to friends.
C.       Find out what he needs the money for.
D.      Pretend you don’t have any money.
5.      Yossi       : I want to stop smoking. Can you help me?
Rico       :...
A.      Just stop.
B.       I suggest you visit the doctor.
C.       This is good. You really must do it. I will support you.
D.      Don’t join friends when they go out for a smoke.
6.      Melati      : Until now I haven’t found any decent place to live in.
Rosa      : ...
A.      Well, I’m very fortunate.
B.       You have to fnd a better one.
C.       I don’t mind sharing my flat with you.
D.      I guess, you like the place, don’t you.
7.      Student    : ... to carry these books to your room, sir?
Teacher  : No, thanks. I can do it myself.
A.      Do you want
B.       Shall I do
C.       Can you help
D.      May I help you
8.      Ria           : It’s breaktime. ... a cup of tea?
Yudi      : That would be very nice of you.
A.      Shall I have
B.       May you get me
C.       Could you help me to get
D.      Would you like me to get you
9.      Tina         : Grandma, can I help you with the sewing?
Grandma    : ... . How kind of you.
A.      I am sorry
B.       Thank you
C.       Don’t worry
D.      I don’t need you
10.  Shop assistant      : Welcome, Madamme. ... ?
Customer           : Thanks. I want to see some historical books.
Shop assistant   : Well, you go to the books department. This way, please.
Customer           : Thank you.
A.      Would you mind helping me
B.       Anything I can do for you
C.       Do you want to help me
D.      Do you need some help

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